In Christianity, there are several denominations and all of them have a general view of marriage. Marriage is viewed as a lifetime commitment between a man and a woman and it is related to the relationship that Christ had with the church. In this way it is viewed as a holy sacrament. "..For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh. So then, they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate." Matthew 19: 5-6. (Ramsay W.M., 2010). This is just as Christ and the church were one and the same. In the Old Testament, the relationship between God and Israel was also viewed as that of a marriage.
"Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord, because the husband is the head of the wife as also Christ is the head of the church…he himself being the savior of the body. But as the church submits to Christ, so also wives should submit to their husbands in everything. Husbands, love your wives just as Christ loved the church and gave himself for her to sanctify her by cleansing her with the washing of the water by the word, so that he may present the church to himself as glorious--not having a stain or wrinkle, or any such blemish, but holy and blameless. In the same way husbands ought to love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. For no one has ever hated his own body but he feeds it and takes care of it, just as Christ also does the church, for we are members of his body. For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and will be joined to his wife, and the two will become one flesh. This mystery is great--but I am actually speaking with reference to Christ and the church. Nevertheless, each one of you must also love his own wife as he loves himself, and the wife must respect her husband." Ephesians5: 22-33. (Ramsay W.M., 2010). The wife is meant to be submissive while the husband should always love the wife just as Christ loved the church.
In the Roman Catholic for example, marriage is meant for procreation and symbolizes the bond between the Catholic Church and Christ. The man and a woman in this relationship are allowed to have sex and each of them has full control over the other ones body. (Reverend T. S. Deacon Economos, 2010).
In orthodox, marriage is a sacrament and each partner dies for the sake of the other and by doing so they sanctify their relationship. (Reverend T. S. Deacon Economos, 2010). Protestants also have a common view on marriage despite their individual doctrines. It is viewed as a union between man and a woman by God and it is meant to celebrate the love that God has for the world. The two have children and they mutually help each other. (Reverend T. S. Deacon Economos, 2010).
The evangelical view marriage as a submission between the Christians and the man is dominant over the woman in that he should therefore care and provide for the woman. The woman has to follow what the man wants because he heads just as Christ headed the church. (Reverend T. S. Deacon Economos, 2010).
In Hinduism, two peoples are joined for life time so as to fulfill a duty, possession, and physical desire together. The two families are joined together. The main aim in Hindu marriage is for progeny and for the two to get pleasure. Sex is not given the first priority but it is placed third and this shows that it is not the main aim for Hindu to marry. Therefore Sudra marries for pleasure and usually do not have a purpose in life. The marriage here is entirely a religious sacrament and not merely a social contract. It stresses the aim of spiritual advancements between the two. In all religious activities, marriage in Hindu is considered as so basic as far as religion is concerned. A child in Hindu families is regarded a very important thing and is given a special place. Therefore, procreation becomes another vital aim in Hindu marriage.
Since marriage here is entirely sacred, it can’t be revoked. The married are meant to be bound to each other until death but the wife belongs to the husband even after his death. It is a commitment that they learn to keep by adjusting there feelings to the betterment of their marriage because they should never break up. They learn to make adjustments and compromises so as to make the marriage a success. Obligations between the man and the woman are not equal and each is expected to play their part to succeed. (Concern InfoTech Pvt. Ltd, 2010). It is the responsibility of a woman to control their husbands’ lustful tendencies because men are less able to control their behaviors that women can. (Gyan, R., 2010)
In both religions, marriages are made in heaven. This institution is actually very spiritual where two people come into a relationship that death alone can end and not other forces. These relationships are like the relationships of souls. In both there is a special marriage act (1954).
In Hindu marriage act, all of the parties should be Hindu and if not they must change to Hinduism before the marriage. Registration of the marriages is not a legal requirement that must be done. In the Christian marriage act, marriages are performed by church ministers but can also be done by the registrars of marriages. And certificates are issued to certify the marriages.
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